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Glossary of Herpetological Terms

... compiled by Dave Royans & Sue Knight
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Term Definition
Living amongst rocks
Latin: Meaning Scale

The arrangement number or other characteristic of an animals scales. See scutellation.

Latin: Meaning Scaled

The arrangement number or other characteristic of an animals scales. See scalation.

Latin: Meaning Slow
sensu lato
in the broad sense
sensu stricto
in the narrow sense or strict sense
The genus Senticolis (Dowling and Fries 1987) Mountain Ratsnake is derived from

Latin: Sentis meaning Thorn or bramble
Latin: colus meaning Penis

A reference to the large spines on its hemipenis
Senticolis triaspis intermedia
Senticolis triaspis intermedia (Boettger 1883) Green Ratsnake

Latin: inter meaning Between
Latin: media meaning Half middle
Serpentes are a suborder of squamata the grouping of lizards and snakes.
Serpentine locomotion

The way in which snakes move in the majority of cases forming curves that push against the substrate moving the body forward so that the body takes on the appearance of several curves during locomotion.

Sexual Dimorphism
Refers to a species where the males and females are different in appearance. This can be a difference in size or in other visual features.
Inserted in quoted passages to signify that a word is being quoted exactly as found, even if it is spelled incorrectly or a grammatical error or of archaic usage.

sp. is an abbreviation from a Latin word (species) and means it is an undescribed species of the genus

This site has information on the following genera of Ratsnakes ... Spilotes, Spalerosophis, Ptyas, Zamenis, Elaphe, Rhinechis, Senticolis, Pseudelaphe, Pantherophis, Bogertophis, Orthriophis, Gonyosoma, Oreocryptophis, Oocatochus, Euprepiophis, Coelognathus, Archelaphe